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Mexican Independence Two Centuries Later

by Sofia Navarro
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Mexican Independence, celebrated proudly every year on September 16th, marked a pivotal milestone in the country’s history. However, over two centuries after that call for freedom, Mexico faces sociocultural challenges that question the true freedom and progress of the nation. From persistent vio- lence and drug trafficking to governmental corruption, an- alyzing how these issues have impacted the perception of independence and liberty in contemporary Mexican society is essential.

Mexico’s Violence: From governmental corruption to drug trafficking hub.

Governmental corruption has been a persistent cancer in Mexican modern history, eroding trust in institutions and un- dermining the ideals of independence. Lack of transparency and accountability has fueled distrust toward leaders and weakened the foundations of a true democracy. As corrup- tion scandals come to light, the question of whether inde- pendence truly brought about complete and fair liberation resonates in the minds of many.

Despite efforts to attain independence and the sub- sequent formation of a sovereign state, Mexico has been plagued by episodes of violence and drug trafficking that cast a shadow over the achievements made. The drug car- tels’ struggle for territorial control has escalated violence that has affected entire communities. This violence has cost lives and left scars on Mexico’s social and cultural fabric.

National Identity and Social Fragmentation

Mexico faces challenges in constructing and preserving a unified national identity two hundred-plus years after in- dependence. The country’s ethnic, cultural, and linguistic diversity is a strength, but it can also be a source of frag- mentation. Social and economic divisions are evident, and unequal access to education and resources has marginal- ized many. The question of whether we are truly free also involves the ability of all Mexicans to fully participate in the nation’s political, economic, and cultural life.

Several scenarios emerge from a sociological standpoint. If Mexico continues to grapple with violence, drug-related

issues, and corruption, freedom and progress could become extremely limited. There is a need for more concerted ef- forts to tackle these challenges and lead to a more unified and equitable society. Investments in education and institu- tional transparency could contribute to a stronger sense of national identity and a brighter future.

Seeking the true meaning of independence

Whether Mexico is truly free two centuries after indepen- dence doesn’t have a simple answer. While significant strides have been made, the persistence of violence, drug trafficking, corruption, social divisions, and inequality raise doubts about the extent of true freedom. Independence must ultimately be viewed as a historical event and an ongoing process in which Mexican society strives to define and achieve genuine free- dom in all aspects of national life. The future scenarios will depend on the nation’s ability to address these challenges and build a more just and inclusive society.

A question remains. Are we truly free and independent? Well… are we?


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