A total of 6,359 people were diagnosed with diabetes from January 1 to November 4, 2023, in Yucatán. This means an increase of 1.7% compared to the 6,252 cases registered in the same period of 2022, reports the federal Ministry of Health (SSA).
At the national level, the number of new diabetic patients increased by 9.6%, going from 404,608 to 443,539 cases comparing the same two periods (2022 – 2023).
On the occasion of World Diabetes Day, which is commemorated on November 14, we present the panorama of this chronic disease in the inhabitants of Mexico and Yucatán.
At both the national and state levels, diabetes affects women more. In Mexico, of the total of 443,539 new diabetics, 261,094 are women (59%), while in Yucatán, of 6,359 diabetics, 3,817 are women (60%).
Deaths from diabetes in Yucatán
More women have died from diabetes in Mexico and Yucatán.
According to Inegi, in 2022 diabetes was the fourth cause of death in men in Yucatán, with 593 deaths, but the third cause of mortality in women, with 778 deaths. In the state, diabetes is the third cause of overall death, with 1,371 deaths, after heart disease (4,033 deaths) and malignant tumors (3,235).
At the national level, in 2022 diabetes also caused the death of more women (57,837) than men (57,174), but it was the second cause of mortality for both women and men and Mexico (115,025); heart diseases were the first (200,023 deaths).
Diabetes is a long-term (chronic) disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood, as defined by Medline Plus, “the world’s largest medical library.”
In Mexico, the SSA each week reports cases of insulin-dependent (type 1) and non-insulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes.
In this regard, the Mayo Clinic specifies that “although type 1 diabetes can manifest at any age, it usually occurs in childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, the most common type, can also occur at any age, but is more common in people over 40 years of age.
“However, cases of type 2 diabetes in children are increasing nationwide,” warns the medical institution.
In the case of Yucatán, this year 29 people were detected with diabetes 1 and 6,330 with diabetes 2 (6,359 in total); that is, double the 14 minors diagnosed in 2022 and 1.4% more than the 6,238 adults in 2022 (6,252 in total).
Yucatán and its position in the diabetes panorama in Mexico
With these figures, Yucatán occupies the 24th place on the national list of 32 states but it is number one in the Yucatan Peninsula.
Campeche is the state with the fewest cases of diabetes (32nd place) in Mexico, with 2,955 (23 type 1 and 2,932 type 2) in 2023.
Quintana Roo, in turn, is in 28th place, with 5,056 diabetics (13 type 1 and 5,043 type 2).
Type 1 diabetes cannot be completely prevented due to genetic factors, but eating healthy, exercising, and losing excess weight can help prevent and treat prediabetes, gestational diabetes (in pregnancy), type 2 diabetes, and diabetes. type 1, highlights the Mayo Clinic.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
According to the Mayo Clinic, symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst than usual, frequent urination, unintentional weight loss, feeling tired and weak, feeling irritable or other mood changes, blurred vision, sores that take a long time. in healing and frequent infections, such as in the gums, skin or vagina.
In diabetes 1 symptoms appear intensely and quickly, but not in diabetes 2, which is why it is recommended that adults undergo periodic screening tests.
One such test is a fasting blood sugar test (without eating for at least eight hours or overnight). In general, less than 100 milligrams of sugar per deciliter (5.6 millimoles per liter) is considered normal; between 100 and 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is diagnosed as prediabetes; 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or more on two separate tests is diagnosed as diabetes.