September 16 is a very special day for Mexico and its people. It is the day when the country celebrates its independence from Spain, which was declared on September 15, 1810. The independence movement was sparked by the Grito de Dolores, or the Cry of Dolores, which was given by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla at the church of Dolores in Guanajuato on September 15, 1810.
The Grito de Dolores was not a formal declaration of war, but rather an appeal to the people to rise up against the oppressive colonial rule and join the fight for freedom. Father Hidalgo, who was inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution, urged the faithful to take arms and defend their rights and dignity. He also called for unity and solidarity among all Mexicans, regardless of their social class or region.
The Grito de Dolores was followed by a series of uprisings and rebellions across Mexico, led by various leaders such as Ignacio Allende, Vicente Guerrero, Agustín de Iturbide, and José María Morelos. These movements faced fierce resistance from the Spanish army and its allies, but they also received support from some indigenous groups and foreign powers. The struggle for independence lasted for more than two decades and involved many battles, sacrifices, and achievements.
The final victory came on September 27, 1821, when the Treaty of Córdoba was signed between Mexico and Spain. The treaty recognized Mexico’s sovereignty and established diplomatic relations between the two countries. The treaty also ended the war that had lasted for more than a century.
September 16 is now a national holiday in Mexico, known as Día de la Independencia or Independence Day. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm and pride by all Mexicans, who wear green, white, and red colors to represent their country’s flag. They also enjoy various festivities such as parades, concerts, fireworks, picnics, and parties. They honor their history and culture by remembering their heroes and martyrs who fought for their freedom.
September 16 is not only a day of independence, but also a day of celebration. It is a day to remember how far Mexico has come since its birth as a nation in 1821. It is a day to appreciate its diversity and richness as a country that has been shaped by different influences and traditions. It is a day to cherish its values and aspirations as a people who have always dreamed of being free.