Home Feature Mexican Senator proposes to grant animals constitutional rights and declare them sentient beings

Mexican Senator proposes to grant animals constitutional rights and declare them sentient beings

by Magali Alvarez
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PRI senator Ángel García Yáñez proposed to include in the Political Constitution the recognition of animals as “sentient beings”, which includes pets such as dogs and cats, with the purpose of giving them rights to avoid animal abuse and protect them from being killed.

A sentient being is one that is aware of what matters to it and what happens to it, since it has sensory and emotional capacities, and can therefore experience pain, anxiety and psychological and physical suffering, and therefore has interests that must be identified and protected.

In his constitutional reform initiative, the senator for Morelos argued that animals should be treated with dignity and, likewise, he proposed to raise to constitutional rank the legal obligation of people and their ethical duty to respect their life.

In several states, animal abuse is already considered a crime. For example, the Constitution of Mexico City states that animals are sentient beings and must be protected, and the local Penal Code punishes people who mistreat non-human species.

Currently, the penalty for animal mistreatment is up to 10 years in prison and 150 days of salary, and the penalties for animal predators would be increased as a result of the constitutional reform.

Ángel García Yáñez stated that despite the fact that there is a worldwide protectionist trend in favor of animals and that we have a legal framework on the matter, Mexico ranks third in animal mistreatment in Latin America, according to data from the National Institute of Geography and Statistics (INEGI).

Hence, in the country 7 out of every 10 domestic animals suffer some type of mistreatment: only in Mexico City, 1,850 complaints were filed for that illicit in 2019; in addition, it is recorded that in the national territory more than 70% of dogs and over 60% of cats are in a street situation.

In the country there is a high degree of violence and an alarming lack of empathy of the population towards animal care and welfare, facts that on many occasions have been evidenced in social networks or in which, even, unscrupulous people deliberately presume animal abuse to “gain followers”.

His proposal to include such recognition and obligation in Article 4 of the Constitution, he clarifies, goes beyond protecting the so-called companion animals, dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, among others, as it also seeks to protect from mistreatment and cruelty the country’s wild species, many of which are in danger of extinction.

“In this sense, I believe that we must continue with the strengthening and construction of a legal scaffolding that allows us to reverse the serious situation of mistreatment and cruelty against animals, and generate a culture of care and welfare,” he concluded.

TYT Newsroom

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Ahtisham September 25, 2023 - 3:31 am

**Residential Plots in Real Estate: The Blueprint of Dream Homes**

The charm of building one’s home from the ground up, the allure of starting with a blank canvas and molding it to reflect personal visions, is undeniably profound. At the heart of this endeavor lies the foundational element: the residential plot. In the vast expanse of real estate, residential plots offer a unique proposition of value, potential, and challenge. This article sheds light on the intricacies of residential plots within the realm of real estate.

### **1. Understanding Residential Plots**

Unlike pre-constructed properties or apartments, residential plots are tracts of land specifically zoned for individual or collective housing purposes. They represent untapped potential, waiting for homeowners or developers to shape them.

### **2. The Appeal of Residential Plots**

– **Flexibility**: One of the most significant advantages of purchasing a plot is the flexibility it offers. Buyers can design and construct homes tailored to their needs and aesthetic preferences.

– **Future Expansion**: As family dynamics change, there’s room for expansion or modification without the constraints typical of pre-built structures.

– **Investment Potential**: Over time, land usually appreciates in value, often at a rate that surpasses built properties, making plots an attractive long-term investment.

### **3. Factors Influencing Plot Value**

Several determinants influence the price and value proposition of a residential plot:

– **Location**: Proximity to city centers, amenities, schools, hospitals, and transportation hubs can significantly elevate a plot’s value.

– **Size and Shape**: While size directly affects pricing, the shape of a plot (square or rectangular) can also influence its usability and, by extension, its appeal.

– **Infrastructure**: Access to essential services like water, electricity, roads, and sewage systems is crucial.

– **Legal Clearances**: Plots with clear titles, proper zoning, and without legal disputes are naturally more sought after.

### **4. Challenges Associated with Residential Plots**

– **Lack of Immediate Utility**: Unlike ready-to-move-in properties, plots don’t offer immediate utility. They require time, effort, and additional investment to become habitable.

– **Regulatory Hurdles**: Constructing on a plot requires various permissions and adherence to local building codes, which can sometimes be cumbersome.

– **Maintenance Concerns**: Empty plots might require upkeep to prevent misuse or encroachments.

### **5. The Modern Shift in Residential Plotting**

In response to urbanization and changing consumer preferences, the concept of residential plotting is evolving:

– **Integrated Townships**: Developers are curating expansive townships offering plotted areas with integrated amenities like parks, schools, and shopping complexes.

– **Sustainable Living**: Plots in eco-friendly communities, emphasizing sustainable infrastructure and green living, are gaining traction.

– **Digital Platforms**: Technological advancements have made it easier for potential buyers to find, verify, and purchase plots through online portals and apps.

### **6. The Road Ahead: The Future of Residential Plots**

As urban spaces grow increasingly congested, there’s a palpable shift towards suburban and peri-urban areas. The demand for residential plots in these zones is poised to grow, offering individuals the dual advantage of spacious living and investment appreciation.


Residential plots in real estate are reminiscent of an artist’s blank canvas, brimming with potential. They cater to the deeply rooted human desire to create, customize, and claim a space as one’s own. While they come with their own set of challenges, the rewards, both emotional and financial, often make the journey worthwhile. As the landscapes of cities and towns evolve, these plots remain the starting point of many dream homes and enduring legacies.


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