17 new cases of influenza have been confirmed in Yucatán during the current interseasonal period of the illness.
The report from the National Epidemiological Surveillance System (Sinave) indicates that, so far during this period, 93 cases of the respiratory disease have been confirmed in the state, keeping it among the top regions in this regard, with one recorded fatality.
Nationally, there have been 1,305 cases of influenza, mainly in Mexico City, Colima, Puebla, Yucatán, and Nuevo León.
Additionally, 49 deaths have been confirmed due to the same cause. It was reported that the age groups with the highest number of influenza cases are children aged 1 to 4, 5 to 9, as well as adults aged 30 to 34.
Sinave noted that subtypes B and A H1N1 are the most prevalent strains nationwide.
Although influenza presents symptoms similar to those of the common cold (sore throat, cough, and runny nose), it should be considered a serious viral infection with potentially devastating consequences, especially in vulnerable groups who may require hospitalization or even die.
According to health authorities, the best way to prevent influenza is through annual vaccination, which reduces the chances of developing pneumonia and requiring hospitalization. This vaccination is particularly important for children between 6 months and 5 years old and for people over 60 years of age. It’s worth mentioning that in the 2018-2019 period, 97% of Mexicans who died from influenza in hospitals were not vaccinated.
Other preventive measures include:
- Washing hands frequently with soap and water or using hand sanitizer.
- Covering mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing with a tissue or the inside of your elbow.
- Disposing of used tissues properly and washing hands afterward. Never spit on the ground.
- Wearing a mask when in hot environments.
- Avoiding exposure to cold drafts.
- Boosting the immune system of children and older adults with vitamin A and C-rich foods and supplements (fruits and vegetables), as well as plenty of fluids.
- Dressing warmly, especially children and older adults, in loose, cotton clothing and avoiding tight synthetic fabrics.
- Staying home when experiencing respiratory symptoms and seeking medical attention if symptoms include a fever over 38°C, headache, sore throat, runny nose, etc.
- Frequent washing of clothing items worn by the sick, such as ties, coats, scarves, and coats, preferably after each use.
- Maintaining proper hygiene in surroundings (homes, offices, meeting places), ventilating them, and allowing sunlight in.
- Cleaning common surfaces and objects.
- Avoiding places with cigarette smoke and, in general, refraining from smoking.
- Avoiding exposure to environmental pollutants.