70 percent of intentional homicides in the country are committed with a firearm, according to the SESNSP.
MEXICO, (January 3, 2022).- So far the government of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has assassinated 105,794 people in Mexico, reveal data from the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP).
This figure includes cases that are classified as intentional homicide (102,820), as well as those that were registered as femicide; that is, murder of women on the grounds of gender (2,974).
According to the figure, the average number of homicides in the country is four per hour, 95 per day or 2,850 per month; 70 percent of the murders are committed with a firearm; the majority, at the hands of members of organized crime.
It is an unusual number of deaths. Something similar had not been seen in any other federal administration, not even during the government of Felipe Calderón, which, in 2007, launched the so-called war against drug trafficking.
In fact, the files for intentional homicide initiated during the 4T are 74 percent more than in the same period of the Enrique Peña government, and 123 percent higher than those of Felipe Calderón’s administration.
Each administration has used different strategies to confront the phenomenon of violence in the country. Calderón and Peña Nieto openly confronted the cartels; López Obrador is betting on the policy of “hugs and not bullets”, and seeks to attack the problem of violence from the root.
However, the current administration’s strategy has not been efficient enough to reduce the high levels of violence. The achievement that stands out to date is that the number of murders has stabilized, with a marginal decrease in cases.
The SESNSP figures indicate that, from December 1, 2018, to November 30, 2021 (36 months of the López Obrador government), 86 thousand 777 files were initiated for the intentional homicide of 102 thousand 820 people.
In addition, 2 thousand 882 files are counted for the femicide of 2 thousand 974 women. In both cases, the difference in the number of investigation files and the number of victims is due to the fact that in each file there may be one or more people who suffered the crime.
In contrast, during the period from December 1, 2012, to November 30, 2015 (the first 36 months of Enrique Peña Nieto’s administration), 50 thousand 85 cases of intentional homicide were initiated in the country.
Meanwhile, in the period from December 1, 2006, to November 30, 2009 (the first 36 months of Felipe Calderón’s government), 38,971 murder cases were initiated in the country.
It should be noted that it was until 2014 when the National Public Security Council asked to count the number of victims of intentional homicide, and, as of 2015, femicides are registered, which were previously counted as intentional homicides.
Therefore, in the case of murder victims, it is only possible to compare 23 months of the administration of Enrique Peña Nieto (January 2014 to November 2015), against 23 months of the government of López Obrador (January 2020 to May 2021).
During the aforementioned period of the Peña administration, there were 33,733 victims of intentional homicide, and in the López Obrador period, the figure soared 93 percent, reaching 65,247 people intentionally murdered.
In the case of femicide, the only comparison that can be made is 11 months of the Peña Nieto government (January to November 2015), against 11 months of the López Obrador government (January to November 2021). For this case, in Q4 there is an increase in the number of cases of 138 percent. In that period of 2015 there were 387 cases, while in the similar period of 2021 there were 922.
Source: El Financiero
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