by Nathan Reiff
Nathan Reiff has been writing expert articles and news about financial topics such as investing and trading, cryptocurrency, ETFs, and alternative investments on Investopedia since 2016, Mr. Reiff recently published an interesting article on US trade with Mexico.
(Investopedia).- Former US President Donald Trump drew intense criticism from many in the international community for his protectionist stance and strict adherence to an “America First” agenda on the matter of trade. Among other concerns for the Trump administration, one of the primary targets of the president’s ire was the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Reached in 1994, the agreement established a trilateral trade bloc between Canada, the U.S., and Mexico. Following months of negotiations, the updated United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), sometimes referred to as the “new NAFTA,” came into effect on July 1, 2020.1
In many respects, the USMCA is very similar to NAFTA, although it makes several important updates to earlier agreements to reflect changes in trade over the past three decades. Among these are changes to intellectual property protections, regulations for the trade of automobiles and parts, and protections regarding labor laws. While the impact of the USMCA on U.S.-Mexico trade is still being determined, there is little question that trade with Mexico is a crucial feature of the U.S. economy as well as foreign policy. Below, we explore how much the U.S. trades with Mexico.
More Than $677 Billion in Total Trade in 2019
According to the Office of the United States Trade Representative, U.S. goods and services trade with Mexico reached a total of more than $677 billion in 2019. Of this, $289.5 billion were exports, while close to $388 billion were imports. Thus, the U.S. trade deficit with Mexico was about $98.5 billion for 2019.
Mexico became the largest goods trading partner of the U.S. for the first time in 2019, with $614.5 billion in total (two-way) goods trade during that year. The U.S. reported a goods trade deficit with Mexico of $101.4 billion for the year.
Mexico was the second-largest goods export market of the U.S. in 2019. The U.S. exported $256.6 billion to Mexico in 2019, marking an increase of about 517% since 1993, the last year before NAFTA took effect. About 16% of all U.S. exports went to Mexico in 2019.2
There are several important areas of export. The top categories include machinery, at $45 billion in exports, electrical machinery, at $42 billion, mineral fuels, at $34 billion, and vehicles, at $21 billion. Plastics are also a major export category, accounting for about $16 billion worth of exports to Mexico in 2019.2
On the imports side, Mexico was the second-largest supplier of goods imports to the U.S. in 2019, with a total of $358.0 billion in goods imported that year. That constitutes an increase of nearly 800% relative to 1993 before NAFTA came into effect. U.S. imports from Mexico made up more than 14% of overall U.S. imports in 2019.2
Some of the most important categories for imports from Mexico in 2019 include vehicles, at $101 billion, machinery, at $66 billion, electrical machinery, at $64 billion, optical and medical instruments, at $16 billion, and mineral fuels, at $13 billion. Additionally, there were about $28 billion in agricultural product imports from Mexico, divided between fresh fruit and vegetables, wine and beer, snack foods, and processed fruit and vegetables.
more recommended stories
Despite the evidence, AMLO denies spying on critics and minimizes facts
He claimed that his opponents seek.
Ex-Beatle Ringo Starr cancels North American tour
Sir Ringo Starr has cancelled several.
Ken Salazar, personally monitored by Sedena
In December 2021, four months after.
After months of controversy, Elon Musk will be the owner of Twitter
“The company’s intention is to close.
AMLO confirms that the Army will have an airline with 10 leased aircraft and insists on including the presidential airplane
President of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López.
Senators approve extension of Armed Forces in public security tasks
Sedena stated that the ‘Pegasus’ system.
Mexican army bought Pegasus in 2019 to spy on activists and journalists
An investigation reveals that the ‘malware’.
As of this Monday, Yucatán has a new Labor Justice System
Conciliation and Arbitration Boards (Junta de.
R’Bonney Gabriel becomes the first ever Asian American to win Miss USA
Filipino American R’Bonney Gabriel made history.
Pink October: Breast Cancer Awareness Month
October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month,.