MERIDA Yucatan (Times Media Mexico) – “Día de Muertos” in Mexico has become one of the most iconic festivities of this country and has even managed to cross borders and oceans – most prominently – in the figure of the elegant skeleton lady of “La Catrina”. Yet where does she come from?
The Calavera Catrina was born in 1912 from the imagination of Mexican artist José Guadalupe Posada, but that wasn’t her name back then. Posada published the first illustration of this great dame of death under “La Calavera Garbancera” as a social criticism of the indigenous Mexican women who rejected their roots and tried to pass as European.
The engraver was famous for his satirical rhymes, illustrated with skulls and skeletons, which he used to describe the political and religious matters of Mexico and aspects of daily life. Then how did she became La Catrina?
It was Mexican painter Diego Rivera who took the work of Posada and gave it a body. Literally. In his mural “Sueño de una tarde dominical en la Alameda Central” (1947) (“Dream of a Sunday Afternoon along Central Alameda”), Rivera painted the full-bodied skeleton lady as the central piece of his mural and called her “La Catrina,” the feminine version of the Catrin, a bon vivant dandy in Mexican culture.
In his mural, Diego Rivera featured the Catrina at the center, with a young version of himself on the left, and her creator, José Guadalupe Posada, on the right.
It is due to the merger of Mexico’s Prehispanic ideologies, the Mexican people’s historical focus on death – that is, their willingness to both laugh at it and embrace it with a loving familiarity – and the classism prevalent in the Mexican society that the Catrina became the embodiment not only of death as a neutralizing force between the rich and the poor but also, a powerful symbol of what the Day of the Dead in Mexico is all about. And it is becoming famous worldwide.
Maybe it was a mixture of the colors, the satire, the meaning, or perhaps the evolving attitude towards death that have fixed this character as an icon, but regardless of the cause, “La Catrina” is here to stay.
The Yucatan Times
more recommended stories
Mérida Airport will be able to receive up to 4.5 million passengers per year
In February 2021, the first stage.
Racist Christians tore down California’s Monolith. – Video.
“We don’t want illegals from Mexico.
These are Italy’s new rules for Christmas travel
While other countries may be relaxing.
Felipa Obrador and Pío López: AMLO’s relatives pointed out by corruption and nepotism.
The most recent corruption case in.
Museums and archaeological sites reopen their doors in Yucatan
After a few hours of a.
As every year, the traditional Poinsettia flowers come from Puebla to Mérida
Merida, Yucatan (December 3, 2020).- The.
Locals block main access to the Bachoco poultry farm in Hunucmá
Hunucmá, Yucatan (December 4, 2020).- Residents.
‘Heladez’ comes to the Yucatan
‘Heladez’ is expected in Yucatan due.
In the face of COVID’s upsurge, AMLO asks people to stay home in December
With the upsurge in cases of.
Yucatan archaeological sites closed due to problems with the Union
MÉRIDA.- Today, Friday, December 4th, at.