MERIDA Yucatan (Times Media Mexico) – “Día de Muertos” in Mexico has become one of the most iconic festivities of this country and has even managed to cross borders and oceans – most prominently – in the figure of the elegant skeleton lady of “La Catrina”. Yet where does she come from?
The Calavera Catrina was born in 1912 from the imagination of Mexican artist José Guadalupe Posada, but that wasn’t her name back then. Posada published the first illustration of this great dame of death under “La Calavera Garbancera” as a social criticism of the indigenous Mexican women who rejected their roots and tried to pass as European.
The engraver was famous for his satirical rhymes, illustrated with skulls and skeletons, which he used to describe the political and religious matters of Mexico and aspects of daily life. Then how did she became La Catrina?
It was Mexican painter Diego Rivera who took the work of Posada and gave it a body. Literally. In his mural “Sueño de una tarde dominical en la Alameda Central” (1947) (“Dream of a Sunday Afternoon along Central Alameda”), Rivera painted the full-bodied skeleton lady as the central piece of his mural and called her “La Catrina,” the feminine version of the Catrin, a bon vivant dandy in Mexican culture.
In his mural, Diego Rivera featured the Catrina at the center, with a young version of himself on the left, and her creator, José Guadalupe Posada, on the right.
It is due to the merger of Mexico’s Prehispanic ideologies, the Mexican people’s historical focus on death – that is, their willingness to both laugh at it and embrace it with a loving familiarity – and the classism prevalent in the Mexican society that the Catrina became the embodiment not only of death as a neutralizing force between the rich and the poor but also, a powerful symbol of what the Day of the Dead in Mexico is all about. And it is becoming famous worldwide.
Maybe it was a mixture of the colors, the satire, the meaning, or perhaps the evolving attitude towards death that have fixed this character as an icon, but regardless of the cause, “La Catrina” is here to stay.
more recommended stories
Yucatan begins its participation in Fitur 2022 with the right foot
The Madrid Tourism Fair (FITUR), is.
Two cold fronts are expected for the following days in the Yucatan
The cold fronts will bring temperatures.
Private Universities of Yucatan denounce sexual trafficking network among students
The Marista University, Anáhuac Mayab and.
Mexico threatens soccer fans with 5-year bans for homophobic chant
The Mexican Football Federation says any.
First Gastronomic Interpretation Contest at the Mérida Fest 2022
Flavor and innovation stand out in.
Fierce fire consumes a bicycle factory in the Azcapotzalco district of Mexico City (Watch Video)
A strong fire was reported inside.
In three years, 81 police officers have been murdered in the state of Puebla
Since the year 2018, when AMLO.
Authorities secure trailer with 334 migrants in Veracruz, Mexico
Veracruz authorities managed to rescue 334.
Texas gay couple tortured, shot dead, and dismembered in northern Mexico
The bodies of two women from.
Once again the Maya Train changes its route and will no longer pass through the center of Playa del Carmen
In the next few days, the.