In an area of 2, 500 square meters, within the Natural Protected Area (ANP) Ría Lagartos Biosphere Reserve, in the Municipality of San Felipe, Yucatan, closure seals were placed on a lot, due to environmental damage and affectation of wetlands.
Inspectors of the Federal Attorney’s Office for Environmental Protection (Profepa) in the state, in collaboration with the Federal Police and elements of the Ministry of the Navy, during an inspection and surveillance operation, located two affectated areas of 500 and 2,000 m2 respectively, with vegetation characteristic of the wetland ecosystem.
In these properties, the inspectors detected cutting and felling of species listed in the official Mexican norm, NOM-059-Semarnat-2010, such as: red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle), white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa), black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) and botoncillo mangrove (Conocarpus erectus), causing the fragmentation of this habitat.
In the 500 square meter plot, the existence of wetland landfill with construction material and solid waste (garbage) was verified; while in the 2,000 square meter plot, the discharge of wastewater was detected; activities carried out without federal authorization in terms of environmental impact.
In order to avoid further damage to natural resources and the environment, the closure of these two inspected properties was imposed as a security measure.
The Ría Lagartos Biosphere Reserve, was declared Natural Protected Area in June 1999; It is located in the municipalities of San Felipe, Río Lagartos and Tizimín, in the state of Yucatán, with an area of 60,347 hectares, which constitutes the first Mexican wetland system inscribed in the list of Sites of the Convention of Wetlands of International Importance (RAMSAR).
It is important to point out that the works and activities in wetlands, coastal ecosystems, lagoons, rivers, lakes and estuaries connected to the sea, as well as in their coastlines or federal zones, require authorization in terms of environmental impact, and this type of studies are conducted by Semarnat, and if there is any kind of construction project not complying with this obligation, the person or company responsible can be sanctioned with a fine of between 30 and 50,000 Units of Measurement and Update.
The Federal Criminal Law establishes a penalty of 2 to 10 years in prison to anyone who unlawfully damages, drains or fills wetlands, mangroves, lagoons, estuaries or swamps; which increases with two years, when the damage is made to a Natural Protected Area (ANP).
TYT Newsroom with information from laverdadnoticias.com