Among the commitments of 190 countries part of the Cancun Declaration, two of the most important are: the concern for the loss of biodiversity, and the sustainable use of resources in a harmonious way with the environment understood as responsible fishing. These and other initiatives were approved in December 2016 by the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Care for the environment
In Annex V of the Cancun Declaration, it emphasizes the need for fishing to continue developing a comprehensive and balanced system under the concept of “responsible fishing”.
This concept also considers the use of fishing and aquaculture practices that are not harmful to the ecosystems or natural resources; the incorporation of the added value to these products through a processing that satisfies the sanitary norms required; the use of commercial practices to have access to good quality products.
For this, the document states, nations around the world must take measures to improve management systems as part of the practice of responsible fishing and promote educational programs and the dissemination of knowledge in this area.
Likewise, the different countries should promote international cooperation for research, information exchange and technology transfer, as well as to prevent illegal fishing and obtain greater financial support for investments from first world countries.
In this way, the Cancun COP on Biodiversity made an urgent call to the world to integrate the issue of biodiversity into public policies, legislation and regulations, as well as into the agricultural, forestry, fisheries and tourism sectors. The private sector was asked to act with greater environmental responsibility, adopting responsible production and consumption practices.