CANCUN — Quintana Roo, Baja California Sur and Querétaro were the states with the highest employment generation, which increased 4.11 percent a year last October, mainly in the agricultural and communications and transportation sectors. However, federal officials of Inegi said only three of every 10 jobs offered in Quintana Roo exceed 2.5 minimum wages.
38,425 jobs were created during October 2016 in the state. As a result, formal employment grew twice as much as the Gross Domestic Product, which increased 1.9 percent at the annual rate in the third quarter of 2016.
The sectors with the greatest annual advance were tourism with 9.1 percent and transport and communications with 5.3 percent per year.
Meanwhile, the states with the highest annual increases were Quintana Roo, Baja California Sur and Querétaro, with increases above 7.5 percent.
María Fonseca, director of the Center for Research in Economics and Business of Tecnológico de Monterrey, State of Mexico campus, indicated that the generation of formal employment derives from formalization, hiring for the end-of-year season and the affiliation of workers in the Agricultural sector for the beginning of the season of agricultural production.
“The economy is not taking flight and opportunities and consumer confidence are not increasing; The employment data are not the real reflection of the economy, there is formalization. In the tourism sector, it happens that there are cases of companies that have access to federal resources that must first comply with the formalization of workers,” said the specialist.
According to the IMSS Work Program and Activities Report 2015-2016, from 2013 to 2015 the formalization of the economy in the state has been driven by tourism, business services and construction.
The tourism bonanza also has its contradictions and one of these is the decline of well-paid jobs. According to indicators of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS), only 135,498 jobs of the slightly more than 670,000 registered in Quintana Roo receive more than three minimum wages per day, according to official tabulators.
“Entrepreneurs leave much of the opportunity for salary growth to tips received by tourist workers from visitors,” said Sergio Ávila Gómez, a sociologist at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).
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