The plants growing along an increasing number of Mexican hillsides reflect trends in illegal drug use here in the United States. While marijuana fields easily outnumbered poppy plantations in prime Mexican growing regions, both government and international-agency statistics show those numbers have reversed as Mexican-origin heroin use in the US has exploded.
According to the Mexican daily Reforma, the leading marijuana production states in Mexico are Chihuahua, Guerrero, Jalisco, Durango, Sinaloa and Oaxaca. Between 2007-2010, the Mexican army discovered 432,561 marijuana fields in these areas. But that number plummeted by 56 percent between 2011-2014, as soldiers only found 187,056 marijuana plantations during that time frame. Mexico’s military department known as SEDENA indicated that opium poppies have been replacing marijuana plants in these states.
Shifts in illegal drug production by Mexican cartels tend to occur rather quickly in response to changes in demand from the US market. Unlike cocaine, which has to be brought into Mexico from other countries, heroin and marijuana can both be grown and processed internally. This allows cartels to dictate to their growers what kinds of plants they need to grow and in what quantities.
Guerrero, currently one of the most violent states in Mexico and home to the Guerreros Unidos Cartel and infiltrated by Jalisco Nueva Generación drug organization, remains first in poppy production. However, Chihuahua—across the border from southwest Texas—has seen the fastest increase in production, tripling its crop size in the past four years.
According to Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration statistics released in May 2015 by the Drug Enforcement Administration, between 2007-2013 the number of heroin addicts in the US almost doubled from 161,000 to 289,000.
Besides, deaths involving heroin more than tripled between 2007 (2,402) and 2013 (8,260).
by Sylvia Longmire
Sylvia Longmire is a border security expert and Contributing Editor for Breitbart Texas. You can read more about cross-border issues in her latest book, Border Insecurity: Why Big Money, Fences, and Drones Aren’t Making Us Safer.
more recommended stories
Central American migrants heading to U.S. are being detained by Mexican authorities
Central American migrants hoping to reach.
Survey shows Governor Mauricio Vila has approval of majority of voters
The company Massive Caller published the.
Izamal’s Chaltun Ha pyramid becomes the new tourist attraction in the area
With the inauguration of the Chaltún.
Two men assault Situr bus driver in Mérida and wounded him with a knife
In an incident that never happened.
Survey says perception of security for Mérida residents is one of the best in the country
Mérida is one of the five.
New Marina projected for the Celestún harbor
A gasoline distribution company promotes the.
April 23rd… World Book Day
April 23rd… World Book Day also.
Fires in Yucatan with unrelenting force
OXKUTZCAB Yucatan (TYT). – Agents of.
Tourists leave more garbage than economic benefits in El Cuyo, Yucatán
The garbage left by visitors in.
Suspect of Canadian citizen’s murder arrested
MOTUL Yucatan (SSP). – Agents of.