Despite the growing demand of couples with fertility problems, Mexico does not have a legislation on the subject.
30-year-old Daniela Vianney Pazos Pichardo, from Mexico City, built a network of egg donators in Mexico.
Daniela has 450 women from all over the country in her database, 300 of them in Mexico City, who are willing to sell their reproductive cells given the growing demand of couples with fertility problems. ” I have 450 but every day I receive messages of at least 30 girls,” she explained while she showed the evidence in her mobile.
“I can have a blond, blue-eyed and beautiful girl but if she has a brother with Down syndrome she can not donate,” says Daniela about the procedure to select donors.
If the candidates pass the psychological test, that most fail, they undergo genetic and hormonal tests to determine the quality of the egg. Out of every100 candidates, only 15 are eligible to donate, she explained.
“Models are the ones who donate more eggs,” Daniela added, because customers look for donors that look like them and also because they seek an extra income.
Around 82,000 assisted reproduction procedures are performed every year in Mexico, according to the latest survey of Merck Serono. Carlos Salazar, regional director of the Latin American Network of Assisted Reproduction, says that 15% of them use donor eggs.
Ova are sold for between 7,000 and 20,000 pesos (US$456 and US$1,305). The money is given as a “compensation” for the trouble undergone by donors and the time that they have to invest to extract at least 10 mature eggs from their ovaries.
Carlos Rosillo Herrera, chairman of the foundation Creando Familias, says that in Mexico there are no regulations to protect donors or couples, neither to use or keep the donated ova or to determine the amount or types of hormones given to donors.
Donors “are not warned about the risks that the procedure involves. Hormones can cause cancer, mood disorders, ovarian hyperstimulation some may even lose the ovaries or the fallopian tubes,” he added.
In the Americas only countries like Canada, USA, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Costa Rica have a national law on assisted reproduction. From 2008 to 2012 there were eight attempts in Mexico to pass a legislation on the subject, but none of the bills was approved.
Carlos Salazar, regional director of Red Lara, shares Rosillo’s concern. He says that even though Mexico is the third country with more assisted reproduction cases after Brazil and Argentina, it does not have a specific regulation on the subject.
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