Allergic conjunctivitis involving mites, tobacco, humidity, dust and chemicals occurs predominantly in the spring and summer in climates similar to Yucatan’s, said Dr. Carlos González Cervantes, head of Ophthalmology Hospital Regional General (HGR) number 12 of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS). Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious and can be associated with other allergic diseases such as rhinitis, asthma and dermatitis; however, it is important to consult your doctor to rule out other types of conjunctivitis that could spread.
The Social Security specialist explained that the conjunctiva is a transparent membrane covering the inside of the eyelids and the white part of the eye. It serves to protect the eye and destroy foreign bodies that come into contact with it. As such, it is exposed to microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria and fungi. Factors that influence the disease are age, location, weather and pollution.
Several agents can cause conjunctivitis, the most common being viruses and bacteria, and can cause epidemics, spreading by direct contact from person to person or by contact with contaminated objects.
The most common kinds of conjunctivitis are the hemorrhagic, which is highly contagious and the bacterial, which is not.
To prevent the disease, it is recommended to not touch the eyes with dirty hands and to not share towels, handkerchiefs or sunglasses. If infected, get medical attention as soon as possible.
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