Pemex crisis produces major job losses in Campeche, Veracruz and Tabasco
In the oil states of the Gulf of Mexico — Campeche, Tabasco and Veracruz — 42,379 formal jobs were lost in the last year, official figures show.
In February, these entities accounted for 1,021,810 workers jointly registered with the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS). However, in the same month of 2016, formal employment totaled 1,064,189, which implies a fall of 4 percent in annual terms.
Pemex oil crisis: Tabasco, Veracruz, Campeche
If the comparison is made with regard to February 2013, when the government of President Enrique Peña Nieto began, the accumulated decline so far in the six-year period is 5.7 percent or 62,563 fewer jobs, since at that time the IMSS reported that Campeche, Tabasco and Veracruz had 1,084,373 affiliated workers.
In presenting the figures for formal, permanent and temporary jobs created during February 2017, the federal government has tallied 54,555, which is the highest monthly increase for a similar month since it was registered.
The statistics of the Ministry of Labor and IMSS show that last month all states had an increase in the number of formal jobs compared to January, except Morelos, where 171 were lost.
However, in the annual comparison, that is, in relation to February 2016, employment increased in 28 entities and declined in only four: the three oil states and also in Chiapas, which lost 720.
The biggest decline in Campeche
Campeche has suffered the greatest jobs losses, because in just one year 18,108 formal jobs were lost. That implies an annual fall of 13 percent, having 139,075 jobs registered before the IMSS in February 2016, while last month it had 120,967.
In addition, a year earlier Campeche lost 11,129 jobs, which means that between 2013 and 2017 the registration of workers with social security in Campeche fell 19.46 percent, because 29,237 workers stopped listing themselves with the IMSS in that state.
In Tabasco the reduction of formal work was 13,758 in the last year, which represents a fall of 7.42 percent. In Veracruz, 10,513 were lost in a year, that is, there was a decrease of 1.4 percent, but in the six-year period the loss was 20 thousand workers registered with the IMSS or 2.6 percent less.
Since mid-2013 Campeche stopped registering positive numbers in its industrial activity. From that date to November 2017, the last month reported by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi), this entity reports monthly falls that go from a percentage point to more than 13.
In the case of Tabasco industrial setbacks began in April 2016 and in Veracruz in March last year, although in the latter state there was a rebound of 3.9 percent in November.
Inegi still has not issued the results on unemployment in February this year, but in January the national rate was 3.6 percent with respect to the economically active population.
In Veracruz it was 3.4 percent, that is, two tenths less than a year earlier. In Campeche, 3.7, up from the 2.9 recorded a year earlier, and in Tabasco 7.7, the same as in the second month of 2016.