Are compliance officers at financial institutions now in the hot seat for fines?
Otherwise reputable financial institutions continue being sanctioned for regulatory non-compliance. Well known “household” names continue receiving fines for failing to establish and implement adequate Anti-Money Laundering (AML) procedures. The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) recently fined Raymond James & Associates and Raymond James Financial Services $17MM. According to FINRA, the two firms failed to prevent, detect, investigate, and report suspicious activity for several years. Apparently, compliance officers and other individuals (partners, directors, officers or employees) can bear personal responsibility for failures to enforce Bank Secrecy Act/Anti Money Laundering standards; the AML Compliance Officer was also personally fined $25 thousand, and suspended for three years. Brad Bennett, FINRAs chief of enforcement, said: “This case demonstrates that when there are broad-based failures within specific areas of responsibility, we will seek individual liability where appropriate.”
Meeting regulatory requirements and staying up to date with regulatory compliance developments continues being a priority for Financial Institutions. The literature indicates that AML programs are more effective when tailored to specific business units within an Institution, as opposed to different procedures implemented across different business units. This is because this “Band-Aid” approach creates an inability to detect suspicious activity.
Currently, Compliance is organized as a stand-alone function with the Compliance Department reporting directly to the C-Suite (top officials whose title start with the letter C) of a Financial Institution. This type of reporting ensures independence, raises its profile and makes certain that the Financial Institution’s leadership team is educated regarding compliance matters. Involvement at the C-Suite level assures that senior management is setting the compliance tone across the entire organization. The Chief Compliance Officer at a Financial Institution ought to be a direct report to the CEO; helping the Institution navigate changes and regulatory scrutiny.
According to the FCPA (Foreign Corrupt Practices Act) Compliance Report, the evolution of the role of the compliance officer was widely discussed during Compliance Week (held in May, 2016). The separation of the Chief Compliance Officer (CCO) from the General Counsel’s office is an upcoming structural change. The CCO must know “how to do compliance”. Not just “know the laws and regulations”. The upcoming structural changes for the CCO are summarized as follows:
- CCO is empowered
- CCO is independent
- CCO has a seat at the table
- CCO has a line of sight
- CCO has resources
Because no two Financial Institutions are alike, Regulators find themselves in a world of procedural inconsistencies by Institution, having to clarify, and re-clarify, what they are looking for. That said, compliance probably ought to be simplified, viewed in a holistic manner and allow Financial Institutions to conduct business and take care of clients. This is what is also known as Compliance 2.0 – an agent of change to the Compliance world.
Financial Institutions should not be victims of their own making. They need to take into consideration the structural changes that Compliance 2.0 is presenting, and prepare accordingly. This ought to help preserve their reputation and continuity.
By Stanley Foodman CPA for TYT
Stanley Foodman CPA is CEO of Foodman CPAs & Advisors in Miami, Florida and a recognized forensic accountant and litigation support practitioner. Specializing in complex domestic and international tax matters, he has served as an expert witness and forensic accountant for some of the nation’s most challenging, high-profile economic crime cases. He and his team of accountants also assist clients with a full range of accounting matters including compliance, voluntary disclosure, corporate and individual taxation, family law litigation, estate and trust tax and wealth planning. Consistently ranked as one of the top accounting firms in South Florida, Foodman CPAs & Advisors assists clients locally, nationally and internationally.
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