Published On: Sat, Dec 20th, 2014

One Of The Biggest Secrets of the Mayan Discovered

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Puuc Code, Uxmal Yucatan, Mexico.

Puuc Code, Uxmal Yucatan, Mexico.


Mérida Yucatán, Mexico.-

“The Puuc architectural style was developed by the Mayan civilization between the years 1,000 and 500 BC. It was a way of constructing buildings dedicated to host the elite rulers of the time. They were characterized by their figureheads on the facades, frescoes and panels with hieroglyphics. But the interesting thing is that all this architecture, composed of buildings and columns, coupled with the way in which rooms were distributed, they formed a code that gives an account of the daily life of the Mayan.” Told the BBC, the director of the archaeological site of Uxmal, José Huchim Herrera, according to information published by the Argentine website Infobae.

According to the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), “This architecture is full of signs and rules that allow us to formulate and understand a message, linking to each individual with a broader community that shares the knowledge of its meaning”. This can be seeing in the exposition: “The Puuc Code: Architecture and Symbolism” Which takes place in the city of Mérida.

The sample consists of 150 photographs and selected archaeological pieces that offer a look at the world view of ancient Mayan culture, which aims to impact the viewer and transmit a message by means of forms, volumes and colors’.

 Conception of life and universe

“The architects of the buildings tried to express what gave sense to the community and therefore the buildings reflect a conception of the universe and of life,” Is pointed out by the INAH.

The Puuc Code also allows you to visualize the development of some cities in southeastern Mexico at the time. “It tells us that the elite rulers, achieved a city with political power, a strong economic base that allowed the setting of a well designed and planned civilization” said Huchim Herrera.

This particular form of construction and decoration of buildings gave rise to the so-called “Puuc region”, which means “Mayan language”. The architectural style is preserved in the Yucatan peninsula, mainly in Uxmal and other archaeological sites of the area.

The region aroused such interest that the buildings which best preserves the style – The pyramid of the Magician, the Nunnery and the home of the Pigeons – are among the most visited in the area. And if they arouse so much passion it is because they are samples of how cities were built by this ancient civilization.

Uxmal Yucatan Archeological zone. Pyramid of The Magician. Photo by German Murillo-Echavarria. Can be seen at

Yucatan, Uxmal, Archeological zone, Pyramid of The Magician.
Photo by German Murillo-Echavarria. More can be seen at

Yucatan, Uxmal, Archeological zone, Nunnery Quadrangle, East Building - Photo by German Murillo-Echavarria 0405

Uxmal Yucatan, Archeological zone. Nunnery Quadrangle, East Building. Photo by German Murillo-Echavarria.  More can be seen at

“What we can perceive in the decoration of the Puuc architecture really is a language, a discourse”, says Huchim Herrera. “A discourse that incorporates aspects of Baroque style and ornaments of friezes and masks on all the walls, it is in short, a language.”

For scholars of the subject, The Puuc Code also allows one to observe how the Mayans had contact with other civilizations far from the area, such as those in the central region of what is now Mexico.

According to the researchers, this is evidenced in Mayan expressions mixed with similar images of Tlaloc, the Nahuatl civilization “Rain God” appearing on the facades of the Puuc buildings.

Yucatan, Uxmal, Archeological zone, Pigeon's Quadrangle - Photo by Uxmal

Uxmal Yucatan, Archeological zone. Pigeon’s Quadrangle. Photo by Uxmal Archeological zone

The Yucatan Times/Newsroom

Mexico Travel Care




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  1. don waite says:

    Ask a Yucatecan if they are part of Mexico. Most would say no.

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