Published On: Mon, Nov 17th, 2014

In Mexico, 7 out of every 10 members of municipal police forces are infiltrated by crime: Labor Party

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According to the 2013 national survey on government quality and impact (ENCIG) conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), 90% of the participants said that police is Mexico’s most corrupt institution.

A study conducted by Mexico City Newspaper EL UNIVERSAL revealed that in the last five years 2,543 policemen were arrested in Mexico because of extortion, abuse of authority, homicide and kidnapping of people to hand them over to criminals.

Two out of every three cases happened in states like Nuevo León, Michoacán, Veracruz, Durango and Mexico.

Mexico is the third country with the largest number of police officers in the world after India and the United States: 519,739. However, they have been unable to fight crime in the country.

Lilia Aguilar Gil, Labor Party (PT) congresswoman and secretary of the Lower Chamber’s Justice Committee, says that 7 out of every 10 members of municipal police forces are infiltrated by crime.

Martín Barrón, researcher of the National Institute of Criminal Sciences (Inacipe), says that police forces have been in the organized crime’s payroll for over 30 years.

“All this came to light during the administration of Felipe Calderón,” Barrón explained.

Mexico Police (Photo: Google)

Mexico Police (Photo: Google)

Corruption

In places like Tamaulipas, local policemen barely make 3,000 pesos a month (220 dollars).

Barrón calculates that policemen obtain up to 30% of their income through bribes or corruption.

On September 26, 43 students of Ayotzinapa Teachers Training College were arrested by Iguala’s municipal police and allegedly handed over to the Guerreros Unidos criminal gang.

However, this was not the first case of links between police and criminals. In May 2011, 23 policemen were arrested in the municipality of Tarandacuao, Guanajuato, for their involvement with organized crime: they spied on potentaial victims, arrested them and handed them over to the cartel known as La Familia Michoacana.

According to the 2013 national survey on government quality and impact (ENCIG) conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), 90% of the participants said that police is Mexico’s most corrupt institution.

Also Causa en Común, a NGO that promotes accountability, says that policemen or former police officers are involved in 7 out of every 10 cases of kidnapping. Until September 2014, 1,529 kidnappings were reported in Mexico this year.

However, some experts consider that money is not the only root of the problem.The terrible work conditions and the lack of a proper plan have made police officers feel neglected by the institution.

“Policemen are disenchanted with their career,” said Elena Azaola, a member of the Center for Investigation and Research (Ciesas).

Others consider that the lack of education aggravates the problem. In 2011 former Public Security Minister Genaro García Luna said that 70% of municipal policemen studied up to secondary school only.

 

Source: http://www.eluniversal.com.mx

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