Published On: Thu, Apr 3rd, 2014

Xiol: Recently discovered Mayan City in Kanasín

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Archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) found a undiscovered Mayan site, estimated to inhabit at least four thousand people.

The discovery was made just a few kilometers east of Merida, in the Muncipality of Kanasin, where ruins of temples, shrines and facades with prehispanic decorations were found.

The discovery was made when excavations for the construction of the new Merida to Chetumal highway, which will expand from two to four lanes.

The researcher and INAH archaeologist Carlos Peraza Lope said that this is a site that dates back to the Late Classic – Terminal Classic, around the years 800 and 900 AD ; but ceramics dating from earlier periods have been found as well, these artifacts range from the Preclassic to the Postclassic Period.

Peraza Lope said that the recent discovery indicates that the area had a long occupation period, from 500 BC until the arrival of the Spanish conquerors.

The site was named ” Xiol ” because it is located in the grounds of a henequen hacienda with that name.

The INAH researcher said there are remnants of homes where the Maya lived, “metates”, grinding stones, tools, pots , stone walls and green jade beads, among other prehispanic artifacts.

The excavations began on February 3, 2014 and will last until the end of May in an area of ​​35 kilometers along the Mérida – Chetumal road.

Xiol: Recently discovered Mayan city in Kanasín

Xiol: Recently discovered Mayan city in Kanasín (Photo:

In ‘ Xio’l, significant buildings were found, from small homes to large areas of activity, many Mayan artifacts used in daily life; along with  large building foundations between 30 and 40 meters wide” he explained.

The buildings , temples and shrines , are very interesting because one of them features a decorated facade and is located just 10 meters from the road” he explained .

He added that the pieces found are in the process of study in a local INAH facility.


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