Yucatan Veterinarians Issue Alert: Parasites in Dogs and Cats Give Rise to Pulmonary Diseases
The Autonomous University of Yucatán (UADY) published a book on Canine Filariasis, a topic of international impact which speaks of a parasite of clinical importance in dogs and which has an impact on human health.
The document, first of its kind in the country, is the result of more than five years of research performed by the doctors of veterinary medicine and animal husbandry, Manuel Emilio Bolio González, Roger Iván Rodríguez Vivas and Carlos Humberto Sauri Arceo.
In their work, the scholars from the Campus of Biological and Agricultural Sciences expounded on the canine filariasis, a nematode that lives in 20% of dogs in the country and is transmitted to humans through the Aedes, Anopheles and Culex mosquito.
The parasite, or nematode, is found primarily in the heart and lungs of the dogs, and when it affects people it creates mild pulmonary repercussions. The problem is compounded when there are additional respiratory problems, the authors warn.
With this scenario, the scholars assert it is important that physicians, especially pulmonologists, be aware of the situation and include it in their diagnosis of pulmonary problems.
Likewise, they urged their colleagues, primarily veterinarians and biologists, to study and come up to speed on the canine filariasis, a problem they asserted, is known but often forgotten.
According to the interviewees, it is estimated in Yucatán that between 5 and 40 percent of dogs have the parasite, which can be prevented or eliminated.
They assured that the animals most affected are found in coastal zones due to the abundance of vectors in those zones.
They specified that the problem in urban areas decreases, being between 5 and 10 percent and again record slight increases in the field or countryside.
They made it clear that filariasis is harbored in dogs and, in some cases, in felines, particularly cats, and may be of type one, two and three. Type three is when the animal requires surgery as a consequence of a high number of parasites that cause cardiopulmonary problems, they noted.
Moving ahead, they said the book, on sale now at the University Bookstore, is of fundamental interest to researchers and professionals but also is easy reading for students and the general public, its cost is 170 pesos